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University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

"There would not be a University if there had not been the Blacks in this community to help build the University."

- Kathy Atwater

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill was chartered in 1789 and began enrolling students in 1795. Through the mid-19th century, enslaved Black people on lease or loan from wealthy white residents constructed the University buildings, laid the rock walls, maintained the grounds, hauled water from the iconic Old Well, and cooked and cleaned for the administration, faculty, and students.  Their descendants continued to do so while maintaining small homes and farms on the emerging “west end” of Chapel Hill and beginning to build both a de facto labor settlement for the University and an independent community distinguished by tight networks of home, school, church, and business.

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Citation: “University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill,” From the Rock Wall, accessed June 16, 2024, https://fromtherockwall.org/places/university-of-north-carolina-at-chapel-hill.

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Johnson C. Smith University

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Kennon Cheek/Rebecca Clark Building

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Knotts Funeral Home

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Lenoir Dining Hall

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Mama Dip's Kitchen

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Marian Cheek Jackson Center for Saving and Making History

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McDougle Middle School

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Memorial Hospital

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Midway Barber Shop

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Midway Business District

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Morgan State University

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Mt. Zion Missionary Baptist Church

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North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University

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North Carolina Central University

North Carolina Central University (NCCU) is a public, historically-Black university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Dr. James E. Shepard in 1909, the university was made part of the state system in 1923.

North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company

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Northside Elementary

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O'Bryant Chapel AME Zion Church

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University of North Carolina at Greensboro

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Winston-Salem State University

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"We’re writing our own history, thank you!"

Ms. Esphur Foster

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