Oral History

Regina Merritt and Mary Cole - On land ownership, integration, and racism

Interviewed by Darius Scott on August 11, 2014

“My parents always taught us you know who you are, no matter what you say to me or what you call me, I know who I am. And that stayed with me for years. Because people are going to talk about you, you cannot stop people from talking. They can say what they want to say to you, but you know who you are.”

- Mary Cole

This interview is part of an SOHP project called Rural South: Backways: Understanding Segregation in the Rural South. The interviews, 2014-, were conducted in the rural piedmont region and eastern North Carolina about the often hidden forces of structural and institutional discrimination that have outlasted the victories of the civil rights movement. The project explores space, place, and identity and examines issues like poverty, crime, and racial segregation. Mary Cole, mother, and Regina Merritt, daughter, are longtime landowners in rural Chapel Hill, N.C. Mary Cole's father acquired and farmed the land that they own today. They recount difficult racial interactions yielded for black landowners. Regina Merritt, with Mary Cole, discusses her grandfather's operation of the 50-acre farm as well as other occupational practices, which included owning and managing a general store and providing a space for religious services. Regina Merritt remembers her grandmother's daily practice of cooking for the bulk of waking hours for the entire neighborhood. Firsthand experiences with integration are remembered by both interviewees, with one particularly violent interracial encounter on the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill campus recalled that left Regina's aunt injured. Regina Merritt and Mary Cole discuss their own occupational experiences. Most saliently, Mary Cole recollects racial disparities she witnessed while working at the sheriff's office in Orange County. Finally, they discuss present difficulties that come with maintaining landownership in Orange County including rising property taxes.

Regina Merritt and Mary Cole - On land ownership, integration, and racism

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Oral history interview of Merritt, Regina conducted by Scott, Darius on August 11, 2014 at Home of Regina Merritt, Chapel Hill, NC. Processed by Council, Sally C..

Citation: Southern Oral History Program, “Regina Merritt and Mary Cole - On land ownership, integration, and racism,” From the Rock Wall, accessed July 7, 2022, https://fromtherockwall.org/oral-histories/regina-merritt-and-mary-cole-on-land-ownership-integration-and-racism.

Rights: Open for research. The Southern Oral History Program (SOHP) welcomes non-commercial use and access that qualifies as fair use to all unrestricted interview materials in the collection. The researcher must cite and give proper credit to the SOHP. The SOHP requests that the researcher informs the SOHP as to how and where they are using the material.

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